Any country that has signed the above-mentioned agreement is subject to the agreed international rules. However, the rules of the international convention are only general rules. For the application of the general rules that have been agreed, it is for the State which will impose the rule in its national law to apply fully and agree to it. Judging by the genesis of intellectual property rights, the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) notes that intellectual property is as follows: the entry of intellectual property into the global trading system, then called the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), could not be dissociated from the role of the United States, proposals for negotiations on the commercial aspects of intellectual property rights Ownership was suggested. The European Community has also proposed guidelines and objectives. Contrary to the proposals of those countries, India was one of the countries that strongly opposed the idea of including the protection of intellectual property rights. However, after a debate between developing and developed countries, the winner is most interested in protecting their works, namely industrialized countries. (3) Brussels Convention on the Broadcasting of Programme-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite. In Indonesian, it is interpreted that intellectual property is the creation of thoughts in the form of new inventions, literary works and works of art, symbols, names and images used in commerce. Of course, intellectual property is closely linked to the world of trade, because its emergence is provoked by the desire of WIPO member countries to protect their economies in the era of free trade.
Based on the understanding of intellectual property, intellectual property rights are the rights granted to everyone in the creation of thoughts in the form of new inventions, literary works and works of art, symbols, names and images used in commerce. 6. Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasters In response to your question, we consider it necessary to explain a little about the genesis of TRIPS or the commercial aspects of intellectual property rights. Therefore, the TRIPS Agreement does not protect intellectual property rights at international level. In the international field, each area of intellectual property rights has its own international conventions as they develop over time. For the application of the general rules that have been agreed, it is for the State which will impose the rule in its national law to apply fully and agree to it. Uruguay`s 8th Round led the participating countries to an agreement that has an impact on international trade. At the meeting, a multilateral agreement called the WTO agreement was concluded.
The participating countries signed in 1994 in Marrakesh, Morocco, the Final Act, which is the result of the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations. With the signing of the Final Act, the signatory States agree to sign the WTO (World Trade Organization Agreement) and its Annexes. .